There are a total of 5 letters of Qalqalah. They are as follows:
قْ طْ بْ جْ دْ
Daal, Jeem, Baa, Taa, Qaaf
If the above 5 letters have a sukoon on top then we should read them with a slight echo sound. The word Qalqalah means to ‘shake’ or ‘vibrate’. We should take care not to alter the way we read any letters before or after the Qalqalah letter (unless a tajweed rule needs to be applied).
Try and practise the rule by saying the following words:
أَقْ أَطْ أَبْ أَجْ أَدْ
Listen to some good reciters and copy the way they read their Qalqalah words. Remember practice makes perfect!
An easy way to remember the 5 letters of Qalqalah is to remember the following word which contains all 5 letters of Qalqalah:
Types of Qalqalah
There are 3 different types of Qalqalah:
- Strong echo (Qalqalah Kubra): comes at the end of an ayah
Even though these particular examples don’t have a sukoon on them, because they come at the end of an ayah, you would read them with Qalqalah as it is preferred.
- Medium echo (Qalqalah Wusta): comes at the end of a word; middle of an ayah
لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا ٱلْإِنسَـٰنَ فِىْ كَبَدٍ
This word here is in the middle of an ayah and as such we would read it with a medium echo sound. Can you also spot the other types of Qalqalah in this Ayah?
- Light echo: (Qalqalah Sughra): comes in the middle of a word; beginning, middle or end of an ayah
إِلَّا ابْتِغَآءَ وَجْهِ رَبِّهِ الْأَعْلَىٰ
The letter baa comes in the middle of a word here and so the echo will be light.
Try looking in the Quran and having a go at reading with Qalqlah. Then listen to a reciter read it and see how accurate you were at reading.
Qalqalah letters activity sheets
Check out these Qalqalah activity sheets we have for kids (or adults!) who are learning all about Qalqalah! This download contains the following:
- Qalqalah rule
- Qalqalah letter spot sheet
- Sorting words into columns of Qalqalah or no Qalqalah
- Finding qalqalah worksheet in the Quran
- A physical sorting game
- A Qalqalah reading activity
Head over to the Tajweed tab where you will be able to download lots more Tajweed worksheets and activity packs. We currently have the following resources and always update this section every month with new additions.
- Ghunnah presentation
- Ghunnah card activity
- Tajweed target cards
- Fatha, Dhamma and kasra activity pages
- Qaida practise sheets
- Ghunna card activity
- Ghunna activity pack
- Ikhfa presentation
- Ikhfa activity pack
- Shadda practise
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